Financial assistance provided to farmers for purchase of crop residue management machineryMinister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha informed that the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (ICAR) has developed Pusa Decomposer, a microbial consortium of fungal species for rapid decomposition of paddy straw. Use of this consortium accelerates process of paddy straw decomposition in the field itself and paddy straw gets decomposed in 20-25 days after spraying. The bio-decomposer has been used on farm field areas prone to stubble burning and the State-wise area is given as Annexure-I.
For wide-spread application of bio-decomposer, provisions have been made to conduct large scale demonstrations on the farmers’ fields and the financial requirements towards these demonstrations may be met from the flexi funds being provided under the scheme. As the application of decomposer in the fields involves preparing and multiplying the formulation to a water soluble sprayable form in large quantities and then its application in the harvested fields through suitable sprayers, the implementing agencies (State Governments, KVKs and ICAR institutions) have been advised to engage service providers/custom hiring centres having adequate resources after following due procedure for engagement of such service providers, for the following broader tasks to be carried out:
- Identify the farmers and area for large scale application of bio-decomposer technology
- Geo-referencing of the identified area
- Procuring and making available bio-decomposer in required quantity
- Provide spraying services of the decomposer at scale through suitable sprayers
- Advising the farmers to follow irrigation and primary tillage operations for completing the protocol of decomposition.
- create awareness and ensure follow through on protocol for pre and post spraying operations
- Monitoring the fields through satellite and ground observations for decomposition of the crop residue and that the fields are not burnt by the farmers
- Reporting and documenting the entire demonstration programme and its outcome.
In the written reply it was stated that to support the efforts of the Governments of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi to address air pollution caused due to stubble burning and to subsidize machinery required for management of crop residue, a Central Sector Scheme on Crop Residue Management has been implemented w.e.f. 2018-19. Under this scheme, financial assistance @ 50% is provided to the farmers for purchase of crop residue management machinery and @ 80% is provided to Cooperative Societies, FPOs and Panchayats for establishment of Custom Hiring Centres.
State-wise area used for Bio-decomposer